Created on - 24/2/2022
Look Your Absolute Best In A Zari Saree or Zardozi Embroidery Work
Zari or Jari or Zardozi is a style of weaving the threads. It is one of the most famous arts of embroidery with gold and silver fine threads. The weaving of threads leads into fabric construction made of silk with entangled patterns and design.
In 12th CE, it came to India from Central Asia, Persia. Embroidery uses Zari threads rather than weaving. The dull thread of Zari is called Kora, and the lustrous one is called Chikna. The work of Zari embroidery is popular among wedding sarees or clothing and fashion shows.
Zari's work is the most famous and elaborate technique in metal embroidery. It has been associated with the Royal identity for a long time. It is the most famous and intricate metal embroidery technique. In the Mughal era the Zari work, which was under Akbar Emperor. After the arrival of Aurangzeb, the royalty stopped, and the crafts declined.
The high cost of raw materials was rare. The craft person could not carry the embroidery on their own.
The detailed Zari work done to make designs are so beautiful that not only the threads are of high value, but the fabric gives a rich and royal look to it. Earlier, the Zari work was used as an enhancement for the royal dresses.
Zari thread and embroidery work:
The Zari or Zardozi uses silver and golden threads. Also, glimmer and beads are used on fabrics like silk, brocade, and velvet. The metallic threads of Zari are wrapped with cotton and metallic yarn. The gemstones, silver, and gold wires were used in old times. These are replaced by emulations of lower prices. The Metal embroidery threads are even, flexible and pliable. The Metallic threads were light in weight, durable, and resistant to rust. Zari threads are resistant to shrinkage, and the final product doesn't lose its shine.
Forms of Zari:
1. Mina Work:
It is done with gold threads and resembles enamel work.
2. Gota Work:
The Ribbons of Gota were woven with golden Warp thread and Silver weft thread of cotton and silk.
3. Kamdani Work:
It is Needlework that is done on lighter fabrics like scarves, dupattas or caps, etc. The flat wire is used in this work. An ordinary thread is used and is pressed to the satin fabric and gives a stitched effect.
This gives a glittering effect and is called 'Hazara Butti.'
The embroidery is heavy and intricate. It uses beads, pearls, and threads of amazing varieties.
Zari's work is in heavy silk, satin, and velvet. The embellishment of designer coats, wedding sarees and other clothing is done by the Zari work.
Even after the impact of western culture, people still love to wear Zari work outfits. Nowadays, it is not only done with gold and silver metallic yarn but cotton and polyester threads embroidery is also playing a wonderful role. It is used as a traditional attire during festivals and done in Urban cities like those of Chennai, Lucknow and other parts of India. However, it still looks as one of the best styles for looking your absolute best.